ST. JAMES PARK DURING WORLD WAR ONE-
 
PART ONE: 1915 To 1917
 
1915-16 SEASON

With the Great War under way, the previous season had ended apprehensively & the league programme nationally was suspended. Numerous players from all our North East clubs enlisted to fight in the war & clubs were encouraged to provide facilities for the army. More localised league programmes were set up, but Newcastle did not take part in the earlier part of the war. The main league for our part of the region was called the North Eastern League Tyneside Combination; which featured 8 clubs.
 
St. James Park, like a number of other North Eastern clubs, was occupied by the army.
The club had closed its operations down in July & the British Army occupied St. James Park from October 20th to December 24th. 1915. The cost of the military billeting & damages came to £590 2s & 9d. This was paid to the club from the army.
 
During this period Newcastle used Brough Park, Byker in the East of the City; temporarily as there home base, before returning to St. James Park in 1916. In the review of the club for that season, details of their friendly matches both home & away for that season can be found there. A practice exhibition match did take place at St. James Park on October 2nd & details of that game are also to be found in the clubs season review for that season. The lacxk of football, prompted some players from clubs to form their own ‘XI’’s. For Newcastle these involved Bob Hewison & Bill McCracken.
 
On December 8th. 1915, the ground hosted a ‘Military Football Match’.
133rd HEAVY ARTILLERY RGA. v NORTHUMBERLAND CLEARANCE STATION.
The score was 4 (2) : 0 (0). Goalscorers: PEAKES (2;- 1 Pen), Unknown, SHARP.
Little else was reported about the game.  
 
December 18th 1915, saw a non military match at ground.
NEWCASTLE BOYS v TYNEMOUTH BOYS; English School Shield Match.
The score was 0 (0) : 2 (0). Goalscorers: SMITH, BOWIE.
NEWCASTLE: GUTHRIE (W.WALKER), HEPPLE ((W.WALKER), DALGARNO(IS) (ST. ANTHONY’S), SOMERVILLE (BLAYDON), GRAY (BRIGHTON GROVE), FOSTER (W. JESMOND), DUNCAN (ST. PETER’S), PYLE (W. JESMOND), COLLINGWOOD (BRIGHTON AVENUE), POWTON (VICTORIA JUBILEE), KEIR (ST. PETER’S) Resv- DORAN (ST.MARY’S)
TYNEMOUTH: TURNBULL (QUEEN VICTORIA), SWAN (CENTRAL), HERON (MURTON), RONALD (MURTON), RUTHERFORD (PERCY MAIN), JAMES (CHIRTON), BOWIE (PERCY MAIN), IRWIN (KETTLEWELLS), DAVIDSON (CENTRAL), SMITH (PERCY MAIN), GRAHAM (KING EDWARD). Resv- YOUNGER (CHIRTON)
 
Next up on January 1st.1916. was a Schools Friendly Match. The Attendance was recorded as 500.
NEWCASTLE BOYS v GLASGOW BOYS. The score was 1 (0) : 2 (1). Goal scorers: ALLAN (1st Half, Glasgow), Unknown (2nd Half, Glasgow); COLLINGWOOD (2nd Half, Newcastle).
NEWCASTLE: (Full Line Up Not Known: Team Included: COWELL (goalkeeper), COLLINGWOOD, SOMERVILLE, BRYSON, GRAHAM.
(Only the one goal scorer name ALLAN is known from the Glasgow side.    
 
On January 22nd. 1916, English Schools Shield action returned.
NEWCASTLE BOYS v EAST NORTHUMBERLAND BOYS. The Score was 1 (1) : 3 (1).
Goal Scorers: KINCHLEY (1st Half, Newcastle); DUNN (3 Goals, East Northumberland).
Referee: WILLIAM RAITS (WHITLEY BAY).
NEWCASTLE: BORROWDALE (BRIGHTON AVENUE), HEPPLE (W.WALKER), DALGARNO(IS) (ST.ANTHONY’S), POWTON (VICTORIA JUBILEE), COLLINGWOOD (BRIGHTON AVENUE), ROBB (ST. ANTHONY’S), DUNCAN (ST. PETER’S), JAMES HOWIE (BRIGHTON AVENUE), PYLE (W.JESMOND), KINCHLEY (VICTORIA JUBILEE), ELLIOTT (St. MARY’S).
E.NORTHUMBERLAND: HALL (NEW HARTLEY), LUMSDON (CHOPPINGTON), BROWN (NEW HARTLEY), STOBBART (ASHINGTON), WARDHAUGH (HARTLEY), ROBINSON (ASHINGTON), WOODMAN (SEATON DELEVAL), ARKLE (ASHINGTON), HARMISTON (CHOPPINGTON), DUNN (SEATON DELEVAL), TURNBULL (ASHINGTON).
 
A further ‘Military Football Match’ now followed, February 16th.1916.
2nd BATTERY RFA v 133rd. BATTERY RGA, Unfortunately the Score is Not Known.
2nd BATTERY (Selected From): SURTEES, HORNE, HALL, PROUDFOOT, QUINN, HUSSEY, POTTER, HICKINBOTTOM, RHODES, GARDINER, JONES, McEWAN, BARKLEY, HOPKINSON. JOHNSON. 
133rd.BATTERY: ARCHER, CLEWS, WRIGHT, HORTON, GREENHAUGH, HARDMAN, BRADFORD, SHARP, MEDDEN, PEAKE, PRICE.
 
On either April 1st, or April 22nd.1916, there was a ‘Charity Match in Aid of War Prisoners in Germany’. The attendance was noted as ‘Well Over 20 000’.
ELSWICK WORKS v SCOTSWOOD, Score 2 (1) : 5 (3). Goal Scorers: ROBSON (3 Goals;- 2 1st Half, 1 2nd Half, Scotswood); W.KELLY (1st. Half, Elswick), J.STEPHENSON (2 Goals, 1 1st. Half, 1 2nd Half, Scotswood), SHEPHERD (2nd Half, Elswick). Robson who scored a hat trick; ‘stole the show’.
ELSWICK: WILLIAM BRADLEY (NUFC), P.REAY (NUFC), BURKE (BLACKBURN ROVERS), THOMAS HARTLEY (NORWICH CITY), SALKELD (MERTHYR TOWN), BROWN (COVENTRY CITY), BURNS ( PRESTON NE), LUCAS (HULL CITY), SHEPHERD (DUNDEE), McGANN (COVENTRY CITY), ALEX GOSNELL (PORT VALE, Ex NUFC), W.KELLY.
(Resvs- ROE (SUNDERLAND), HENDERSON (BURNLEY), CROSSLEY (FULHAM), MAXWELL (HEARTS), PURVIS (GLASGOW RANGERS)
SCOTSWOOD: ROBINSON (SCOTSWOOD), TULLOCH (BLACKPOOL), H.FLINT (MIDDLESBROUGH), SMITH, HARRY SHERWIN (SUNDERLAND), HEADS (CARLISLE U.), JAMES STEPHENSON (ASTON VILLA), ROBSON (CARLISLE U), THOMAS HALL (NUFC), PHILLIPSON (SCOTSWOOD), W.G.MOORE (SUNDERLAND). (Resvs- WARD (BLYTH), ROWELL (SUNDERLAND), REED (SCARBOROUGH), BRUCE (NORTH SHIELDS).    
 
APR.24th.1916, saw another ‘Charity Fund Raising Match’ take place at St. James Park. The two teams put together for the day called themselves East End & West End.
NEWCASTLE EAST END v NEWCASTLE WEST END, Score 4 (3) : 2 (0).
Goal Scorers: WOOD (20 Mins; East End), W.KIRTON (2 Goals; 1 1st Half, 1 2nd Half, East End), REDHEAD (1st Half, East End). LOWERY (2 Goals, 2nd Half, West End).
EAST END: NATTRASS (BLYTH & BYKER BROTHERHOOD), DICKENSON (BYKER), , CHRISTIE (PANDON TEMPERENCE), REDHEAD (SUNDERLAND & BYKER), MURPHY (HEBBURN), DOBSON (PANDON TEMPERENCE), WHITE (WALKER), FULTHORPE (STANLEY & PANDON TEMPERENCE), W.KIRTON (NORTH SHIELDS & PANDON TEMPERENCE), KNOX (BYKER), WOOD (WALKER).  
WEST END: POTTS (DUNSTON), J.LEE, W.NEWIN (HEXHAM & BRIGHTON WEST END), PORTER (DILSTON), FORSTER (RODSLEY & DERBY GUILD), REDPATH (BENWELL), PALMER (DILSTON), LOWERY (ASHINGTON & BRIGHTON WEST END), R.LEE (BRIGHTON WEST END), P.NOBLE (COXLODGE & ST. STEPHENS), E.CARRICK (DERBY GUILD). 
 
Football continued into the next month & on MAY 6th.1916, one further Friendly Match was held.
NO. 5 SHOP v TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT. Although, the Score is Not Known, some familiar names are seen in the players to be selected from line ups printed in the press, prior to the game.
NO. 5 (From): JAMES LAWRENCE, LEACH, WATSON, TOWERS, DAVIS, PRIDE, HANDS, PATTISON, LOWDON, THEW, TAYLOR, STEPHENSON, MOWBRAY, FERNIE, MILLS,
TRAFFIC DEPT (From): HENDERSON, WHARTON, DAVIS, BRIGGS, PRIOR, SMILES, NEWSON, SPENCE, WHITE, LAWTON, MAXWELL, ARMSTRONG, NOUTCH, HALL  
 
1916-17 SEASON
 
Before any football action took place at St. James Park that season a special event took place for the scouts that summer. On July 12th. 1916, The Boy Scouts held an Inspection Parade.
 
For this season only, Newcastle United failed to exist, with no record matches of any sort recorded. Thus it fell to player XI’s & works teams formed for Tyneside Combination league to fill the void. The matches detailed are also included in the clubs review for the 1916-17 season section. As far as I’m aware non of these league matches took place at St. James Park that season.
As well as these  matches, games played by women began to be seen. These became referred to as Munitionettes Matches. To date 3 matches have been identified as played at St. James Park, towards the end of that season. By about that time 80% of the armaments workforce had became female & all over the country women’s football clubs & leagues sprung up.  
 
On October 14th. 1916, A 5-A-Side Competition was held on St. James Park, ‘In Benefit of the YMCA’. Unfortunately, no match results have been found from the competition. Its likely that this competition took place prior to the full scale match played that day (detailed below)
 
OCT.14th.1916, MUNITION WORKERS XI  ‘v’ TYNE GARRISON.  Lost 0(0) : 5(2). 
BENEFIT MATCH TO RAISE FUNDS FOR YMCA HUT. REF: MAJOR GENERAL R.A.K.MONTGOMERY.
Match Kicked of by Mrs. Beatty. ATT: Not Known: Gate Receipts = £54. Goal Scorers: O.FOX (3 Goals; 1 1st Half, 2 2ND half), J.CHESSER (1st Half), S.BAINBRIDGE (2nd Half).
MUNITIONS XI: J.LAWRENCE, W.McCRACKEN, J.SPINK, F.HUDSPETH, J.FINLAY (NUFC), R.LIDDELL (MILLWALL), T.SPINK (GRIMSBY), W.RUTHERFORD, T.BROWELL (MAN.CITY), E.COOPER (NUFC), T.HILL. (This munitions eleven featuring at St. James Park, bears a close resemblance to a war time Newcastle side).
  TYNE GARRISON: L.SCOTT (SUNDERLAND), SGT. I.BOOCOCK (BRADFORD), W.LOW (NUFC), SGT.A.PUCHAN (BRADFORD), SGT.J.SCOTT (BRADFORD), J.BRENNAN (MAN.CITY), S.BAINBRIDGE (LEEDS CITY), H.A.WALDEN (BRADFORD), L.CORP. W.E.CHESSER (LINCOLN CITY), SGT.O.FOX (BRADFORD), L.CORP. C.DUFFY (BURY), E.LESSEN. (The Garrison XI, captained by Walden ran out easy winners & were two up by half time with goals from Fox & Chesser. Walden also hit the bar. In the second half Bainbridge scored before Fox added two more).
 
NOV.11th.1916.  W.McCRACKEN’S XI  ‘v’ LEAGUE XI. Lost 0 : 2.
BENEFIT MATCH FOR THE WIDOW OF JOHN CAMERON (NUFC.CHAIRMAN WHO DIED OCT.11th.).
REF: SAM YOUNG (Newcastle).  ATT: 10 000. Receipts- Approx. £250.  Goal Scorers: E.COOPER, G.ELLIOTT?
McCRACKEN XI: J.LAWRENCE, W.MCRACKEN, A.MILTON (replaced F.Hudspeth), F.CUGGY, H.LOW (SUNDERLAND), J.FINLAY, SGT.O.FOX (BRADFORD), J.RUTHERFORD, LEUT. H.A.WALDEN (BRADFORD), J.CHESSER, SIMPSON BAINBRIDGE (LEEDS CITY) (Replaced G.HOLLEY).
LEAGUE XI: R.G.WILLIASON (BORO), G.LONGWORTH (LIVERPOOL), SGT.I.BOOCOCK (BRADFORD), T.THEEFORD? (EVERTON?), GUNNER T. W.BOYLE (BURNLEY), R.McNAB (WBA), E.COOPER (NUFC), J.CARR (BORO), G.W.ELLIOTT (BORO), F.JEFFERIES (EVERTON), J.BAUCHUP (BRADFORD). 
 
APR.21st.1917, WALLSEND SLIPWAY WOMEN WORKERS v NORTH EAST MARINE,
Score 1:1. Match In Aid of Joseph & Jane Cowen Training Home, Benwell.
This is thus the first ever Munitionettes Match to played at St. James Park.
 
APR.21st.1917, ARMSTRONGS ELSWICK WORKS v WALLSEND NAVAL YARD, Score 4 : 2.
This match followed on from the previous match & was also in aid of the same cause, the Joseph & Jane Cowen Training Home, Benwell.  
 
APR.30th.1917, WALLSEND SLIPWAY WOMEN WORKERS v NORTH EAST MARINE,
Score: Not Known. Match In Aid of Dr. Barnado’s Homes.
WALLSEND SLIPWAY: N.HORNE, G.TIMBERS, A.YEAMAN, S,MATTHEWS, M.SHORT, B.TURNBULL, M.IRWIN, M.MULLIGHAN, V.BRYANT, L.McCONNELL (only 10 names).
NE. MARINE: M.WATSON, M.SMITH, N.AITKIN, B.HOLLORAN, B.CARROT, C.McCANN, L.SCOTT, H.WEYGOOD, B.JACKSON, D.WALLACE, M.CATTERICK.
 
It would not be until the following season that Munitonette matches became a regular occurrence at the ground. Sides from Blyth & Jarrow would become particularly respected.  The following season would also see the club recommence its playing activities & also the formation of a ‘Swifts’ side.     
 
 




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